Operadis

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The Metropolitan Opera Archives contain a vast collection of documents, photographs, artwork, costumes, and memorabilia reaching back to the company's opening season in 1883. For some silly reason, I've been going through the Operadis website, looking up the number of recordings for famous operas. The website doesn't claim to be exhaustive (that might be impossible, of course) but it is rather comprehensive and I thought some of you might want to have a look at this list I made of the most recorded operas according to that website. Lohengrin stands as a pivotal work in the career of Richard Wagner.In terms of its structure and approach, it is usually grouped at the end of his early operas; at the same time, it demonstrates many of the ideas and techniques that would achieve full fruition in his later music dramas.

Ciro in Babilonia
Azione sacra by Gioachino Rossini
Set design by Alessandro Sanquirico at La Scala, 1818
LibrettistFrancesco Aventi
LanguageItalian
Premiere
14 March 1812

Ciro in Babilonia, ossia La caduta di Baldassare (Cyrus in Babylon, or The Downfall of Belshazzar) is an azione sacra in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with a libretto by Francesco Aventi. It was first performed at the Teatro Comunale in Ferrara during Lent, 1812. The exact date of the premiere is unknown but is believed to be 14 March. During Lent it was the custom for Italian opera houses either to close or to stage works on themes from the Bible. Ciro in Babilonia is one of two Lenten operas by Rossini (along with Mosè in Egitto) and is based on the Biblical story of the overthrow of the Babylonian king Belshazzar by the Persian ruler Cyrus the Great.

Performance history[edit]

In a concert form, the work's UK premiere took place on 30 January 1823 at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane in London.[1] The quasi-opera premiered in the United States on 7 July 2012 at the Caramoor Center for Music and the Arts as part of the Festival, starring contralto Ewa Podleś in the title role, tenor Michael Spyres as Baldassare (Belshazzar), and soprano Jessica Pratt as Amira, with Will Crutchfield conducting. Performances with the same principal singers opened in a more elaborate staging on 10 August 2012 at the Rossini Festival in Pesaro. [2]

Roles[edit]

RoleVoice typePremiere Cast, 14 (?) March 1812[3]
(Conductor: – )
Baldassare, King of AssyriatenorEliodoro Bianchi
Ciro, King of PersiacontraltoMarietta Marcolini
Amira, wife of Ciro, imprisoned by BaldassaresopranoElisabetta Manfredini-Guarmani
Argene, confidant of Amiramezzo-sopranoAnna Savinelli
Zambri, Babylonian princebassGiovanni Layner
Arbace, captain in Baldassare's armytenorFrancesco Savinelli
Daniello, prophetbassGiovanni Fraschi

Synopsis[edit]

Time: 539 B.C.
Place: Babylon[4]

Recordings[edit]

YearCast:
Baldassare, Ciro, Amira, Argene
Conductor,
Opera House and Orchestra
Label [5]
1988Ernesto Palacio,
Caterina Calvi,
Daniela Dessi,
Oriana Ferraris
Carlo Rizzi,
Orchestra Sinfonica di Sanremo and Coro Francesco Cilea di Reggio
(Recording of a performance in the Teatro Chiabrera, Savona, 30 October)
Audio CD: Hunt, Cat: 105;
Arkadia, Cat: CDAK 105.2;
Celestial Audio, Cat: CA 502
2004Riccardo Botta,
Annarita Gemmabella,
Luisa Islam-Ali-Zade,
Maria Soulis
Antonino Fogliani,
Württembergische Philharmonie Orchestra and ARS Brunensis Chamber Choir
(Recorded at 3 performances at the Rossini in Wildbad Festival, July)
Audio CD: Naxos Records
Cat: 8.660203/4
2008Cyril Auvity,
Nora Gubisch,
Elena de la Merced,
Sophie Daneman
Jean-Claude Malgoire,
La Grande Écurie et La Chambre du Roy and Choeur de Chambre de Namur
(Recording of a concert performance in the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, 12 January)
Audio CD: Premiere Opera
Cat: ??
2012Michael Spyres,
Ewa Podleś,
Jessica Pratt,
Carmen Romeu
Will Crutchfield,
Orchestra and Chorus of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna,
(Recording of a performance at the Rossini Festival in Pesaro, August)
DVD: Opus Arte,
Cat: OA1108D
Blu-ray: Cat OABD7123D

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^Gossett and Brauner 2001, p. 768
  2. ^Mike Silverman, 'Review: US premiere for Rossini opera at Caramoor', San Francisco Chronicle, 9 July 2012 online at sfgate.com. Retrieved 10 July 2012
  3. ^Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). 'Ciro in Babilonia'. L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
  4. ^Osborne, Charles 1996, p. 16
  5. ^Recordings of Ciro in Babilonia on operadis-opera-discography.org.uk
  6. ^'Gioacchino Rossini: Ciro in Babilonia'. Recording details and review (in French) on concertonet.com 9 December 2013

Sources

  • Gossett, Philip; Brauner, Patricia (2001), 'Ciro in Babilonia', in Holden, Amanda (ed.), The New Penguin Opera Guide, New York: Penguin Putnam. ISBN0-14-029312-4
  • Osborne, Charles (1994), The Bel Canto Operas of Rossini, Donizetti, and Bellini, Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN0-931340-71-3
  • Osborne, Richard (1998), 'Ciro in Babilonia', in Stanley Sadie (Ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Vol. One, p. 873. London: Macmillan Publishers, Inc. ISBN0-333-73432-7ISBN1-56159-228-5
Operalia

External links[edit]

  • Libretto in Italian Retrieved 13 December 2012
  • ‹The templateOperabase is being considered for deletion.›
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ciro_in_Babilonia&oldid=1003292645'
Torvaldo e Dorliska
Opera semiseria by Gioachino Rossini
LibrettistCesare Sterbini
LanguageItalian
Based onLes Amours du chevalier de Faublas by Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai
Premiere
26 December 1815
Operadis

Torvaldo e Dorliska is an operaticdramma semiserio in two acts by Gioachino Rossini to an Italian libretto by Cesare Sterbini, based on the novel/memoir Les Amours du chevalier de Faublas [fr] (1787–1790) by the revolutionary Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai, whose work was the source of the Lodoïska libretto set by Luigi Cherubini (1791), and Lodoiska set by Stephen Storace (1794), and Simon Mayr (1796).

Torvaldo e Dorliska is a rescue opera with an eventual happy ending. The inclusion of buffo roles is the reason for its designation as a 'semiserio' work, similar to Rossini's La gazza ladra.

Performance history[edit]

Torvaldo and Dorliska was first performed at the Teatro Valle, Rome, on 26 December 1815. It remained in the repertory and appeared in several Italian cities including Venice for the next twenty five years, though it was never a great critical success. While there were no productions staged in London nor New York, it was staged in ten European cities in the ten years after its Rome premiere.

Operadis Opera Discography

The opera was presented in Vienna in 1987 and in Savona in 1989.[1] It was given at the Rossini Opera Festival in Pesaro as part of the 2006 season and again in 2017.[2]

Roles[edit]

Adelaide Sala, who created the role of Dorliska, by Giovanni Sasso
Operadis
Roles, voice types, premiere cast
RoleVoice typePremiere cast, 26 December 1815[3]
(Conductor: - )
TorvaldotenorDomenico Donzelli
Dorliska, wife of TorvaldosopranoAdelaide Sala
Duke of OrdowbassFilippo Galli
Giorgio, guardian of the castlebaritoneRaniero Remorini
Carlotta, his sistermezzo-sopranoAgnese Loiselet
OrmondobassCristoforo Bastianelli

Synopsis[edit]

Time: The Middle Ages[4]
Place: 'In and around the Castle of the Duke of Ordow'[4]

The opera tells the story of the love between the Knight Torvaldo and his wife Dorliska, which is opposed by the terrible and violent Duke of Ordow, who is in love with Dorliska. In order to take her for himself, the Duke tries to kill Torvaldo and, after their fight, leaves him for dead. Making her way to the Duke's castle but not knowing that it is his home, Dorliska is held prisoner, comforted only by Carlotta and her brother Giorgio, the keeper of the castle. After escaping an ambush, Torvaldo enters the castle in disguise, but his identity is inadvertently revealed by Dorliska. The Duke then sentences him to death. Carlotta, Giorgio, and their friends conspire against the Duke to free the couple. Carlotta manages to steal the keys to Torvaldo's prison cell, and Dorliska embraces him again. However, the couple is discovered by the Duke, but before he can kill them, he is interrupted by the crowd entering the castle. The rebellious people capture the Duke and he is led away to prison and to his death. Torvaldo and Dorliska are freed.[5]

Recordings[edit]

YearCast:
Dorliska,
Torvaldo,
Il Duca d’Ordow,
Giorgio, Carlotta
Conductor,
opera house and orchestra
Label[6]
1976Lella Cuberli,
Pietro Bottazzo,
Siegmund Nimsgern,
Enzo Dara,
Lucia Valentini-Terrani
Alberto Zedda,
Orchestra and choir of Rai di Milano.
1992Fiorella Pediconi,
Ernesto Palacio,
Stefano Antonucci,
Mauro Buda,
Nicoletta Marani
Massimo de Bernart [it],
Orchestra and Chorus of RadioTelevisione Svizzera Italiana
and the Gruppo Vocale Cantemus
Audio CD: Arkadia,
Cat: CDAK 123-2;
Agorá,
Cat: AG 073.2
2003Paola Cigna,
Huw Rhys-Evans,
Michele Bianchini,
Mario Utzeri,
Annarita Gemmabella
Alessandro De Marchi
Czech Chamber Soloists and the ARS Brunensis Chamber Choir
Audio CD: Naxos Records
Cat: 8.660189-90
2006Darina Takova,
Francesco Meli,
Michele Pertusi,
Bruno Praticò,
Jeannette Fischer
Víctor Pablo Pérez,
Orchestra Haydn di Bolzano e Trento and the Prague Chamber Chorus
(Audio recording made at performances at the Rossini Opera Festival, Pesaro)
Audio CD: Dynamic
Cat: CDS 528/1-2

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^Performance history based on Osborne, C. 1994, p. 51
  2. ^Rossini Opera Festival production details (with production photos)
  3. ^Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). 'Torvaldo e Dorliska, 26 December 1815'. L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
  4. ^ abOsborne, C. 1994, pp. 50–52
  5. ^Synopsis based in part on Osborne, C. 1994, p. 51
  6. ^Recordings of Torvaldo e Dorliska on operadis-opera-discography.org.uk

Opera Disable Javascript

Sources

  • Osborne, Charles (1994), The Bel Canto Operas of Rossini, Donizetti, and Bellini, London: Methuen; Portland, Oregon: Amadeus Press. ISBN0931340713

Further reading[edit]

Opera Disable Tab Snoozing

  • Gossett, Philip; Brauner, Patricia (2001), 'Torvaldo e Dorliska' in Holden, Amanda (ed.), The New Penguin Opera Guide, New York: Penguin Putnam. ISBN0-14-029312-4
  • Osborne, Richard (1990), Rossini, Ithaca, New York: Northeastern University Press. ISBN1-55553-088-5
  • Osborne, Richard (1998), 'Torvaldo e Dorliska', in Stanley Sadie (Ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Opera, Vol. xxxx. London: Macmillan Publishers, Inc. ISBN0-333-73432-7ISBN1-56159-228-5

External links[edit]

Opera Discography

  • Torvaldo e Dorliska: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project
  • Italian libretto at rossinigesellschaft.de
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Torvaldo_e_Dorliska&oldid=1003451355'