Figaro Mozart

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'Sull'aria...che soave zeffiretto' (On the breeze...What a gentle little Zephyr) is a duettino, or a short duet, from act 3, scene X, of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's operaThe Marriage of Figaro, K. 492, to a libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte. In the duettino, Countess Almaviva (a soprano) dictates to Susanna (also a soprano) the invitation to a tryst addressed to the countess' husband in a plot to expose his infidelity.

Music[edit]

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed The Marriage of Figaro, an opera buffa, or comic opera, in four acts in 1786. The opera’s libretto, composed in Italian, was written by Lorenzo Da Ponte. The opera, based on a 1784 play by Pierre Beaumarchais, debuted in Vienna on May 1, 1786. Mozart decided to follow suit, with a play which might have been called 'Figaro strikes back'. Mozart's choice of librettist was an unusual one: Lorenzo da Ponte was a Jew, a freethinker and a libertine, a friend of Casanova. But he was not an experienced librettist. Yet he finished a remarkable libretto in just six weeks.

The duet is scored for oboe, bassoon, and strings.[1] Its time signature is 6/8, its key is B-flat major, and it is 62 bars long; the tempo indication is allegretto. During the first part of the duet (bars 1–37), the Contessa dictates the title and the three lines of the letter and, after a pause, Susanna repeats the lines as she writes them. In the second part, the Contessa and Susanna read alternate lines with a slight overlap (bars 38–45) until they finish in a true duet with their conclusion. The duet has a vocal range from F4 to B5 for Susanna and from D4 to G5 for the Contessa.

The only revolutionary aspect of Mozart’s “Figaro” is the triumph of the common man over the arrogance of nobility. In one aria, for instance, Cherubino irreverently calls his employer “contino” - little count. Joseph II spotted the little jibe but was not averse to a little bit.

Libretto[edit]

'Canzonetta sull'aria'
Che soave zeffiretto
Questa sera spirerà
Sotto i pini del boschetto.

'A little song on the breeze' (the title)
What a gentle little Zephyr
This evening will sigh
Under the pines in the little grove.

and both conclude:Ei già il resto capirà.And the rest he'll understand.

The dialogue, without the re-reading of the letter:

Contessa:Canzonetta sull'aria...A little song on the breeze...
Susanna:Sull'aria...On the breeze...
Contessa:Che soave zeffiretto...What a gentle little Zephyr...
Susanna:Zeffiretto...A little Zephyr...
Contessa:Questa sera spirerà...This evening will sigh...
Susanna:Questa sera spirerà...This evening will sigh...
Contessa:Sotto i pini del boschetto.Under the pines in the little grove.
Susanna:Sotto i pini...Under the pines...
Contessa:Sotto i pini del boschetto.Under the pines in the little grove.
Susanna:Sotto i pini...del boschetto...Under the pines...in the little grove....
Contessa:Ei già il resto capirà.And the rest he'll understand.
Susanna/
Contessa:
Certo, certo il capirà.Certainly, certainly he'll understand.

Both then re-read the letter.

In popular culture[edit]

In the 1994 film, The Shawshank Redemption, prisoner Andy Dufresne defies Warden Sam Norton by playing an excerpt of this song over the prison's public address system. Norton sentences Dufresne to solitary confinement as a result. Ellis Boyd 'Red' Redding remarks in his voice-over narration: 'I have no idea to this day what those two Italian ladies were singing about. ... I'd like to think they were singing about something so beautiful it can't be expressed in words, and it makes your heart ache because of it.'[2] This is ironic as the opera characters are singing about a duplicitous love letter to expose infidelity, and Dufresne's wife's affair is the event which indirectly leads to his imprisonment. The duettino, sung by the sopranos Edith Mathis and Gundula Janowitz, appeared in the film's soundtrack.[3] It was nominated as one of 400 songs in consideration for the American Film Institute's list of 100 top movie songs, although it did not win a place on the list.[4] The video game Lego City Undercover, first released for the Wii U console, also features the aria in the third chapter of the game's story, when protagonist Chase McCain plays it on the prison's intercom, in a parody of the The Shawshank Redemption.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^Le nozze di Figaro, act 3, scene X, Canzonetta sull'aria 'Che soave zeffiretto', Neue Mozart-Ausgabe
  2. ^The Shawshank Redemption at Wikiquote
  3. ^Tommasini, Anthony; Woolfe, Zachary; Allen, David (December 25, 2014). 'Onward, Elektra, Ariadne and Octavian'. The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2018.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^100 Greatest Songs in American Movies – The 400 Nominees
  5. ^Diver, Mike (May 10, 2017). 'The License-Free 'Lego City Undercover' Is Full of Great Movie Moments'. Vice. Retrieved March 16, 2021.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]

Italian Wikisource has original text related to this article:
  • 'Sull'aria...che soave zeffiretto', orchestral score with Italian and German text (larger version)
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sull%27aria_..._che_soave_zeffiretto&oldid=1012547073'
Figaro Mozart

The Met assembled a vocal dream team for Jonathan Miller’s stylish production of the eternal Mozart masterpiece: Renée Fleming as the Countess, Cecilia Bartoli as Susanna, and Bryn Terfel as Figaro. With James Levine—one of the world’s great conductors of Mozart—in the pit, Bartoli interpolating two rarely heard alternate arias, and Dwayne Croft as the Count and Susanne Mentzer as Cherubino, this is a performance for the record books.

Full Synopsis

Performance Info

Performance Date

Nov 11, 1998

Composer

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Librettist

Lorenzo Da Ponte

Run Time

3 HRS 03 MIN

Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus

Cast & Creative

James Levine
Renée Fleming
Cecilia Bartoli
Susanne Mentzer

Figaro Mozart Rossini

Dwayne Croft
Bryn Terfel

Figaro Mozart Characters

  • Nov 11, 1998
    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    Lorenzo Da Ponte
    3 HRS 03 MIN
  • James Levine
    Renée Fleming
    Cecilia Bartoli
    Susanne Mentzer
    Dwayne Croft
    Bryn Terfel