1956 is the year of the premiere of this musical on Broadway. Tyrone Guthrie was a director and S. Krachmalnick was responsible for the choreography. Irene Sharaff was costume designer; Oliver Smith was a set director. Actors were: I. Petina, B. Cook, R. Rounseville, M. Adrian. Musical went through a complete failure; it was played for only 2 months and has been shown 73 times. Book was terribly criticized, mainly because it was too serious, opposed to the musical of the genre of social parody.
London took the play in 1959, where it acted in three different locations: Manchester Opera House, Saville Theatre & New Theatre Oxford. Selection of actors was as follows: E. Coates, M. Costa, D. Quilley & L. Naismith. It also was not successful staging and lasted for only 60 hits.
Harold Prince several times renewed musical on Broadway in New York, did the new libretto, because the original book in the new revival was not allowed to use by its author. This alteration has been greatly condensed version of the first, where the sitcom was too tight and now represented a little over 100 minutes. This version has experienced a great success, and it played on Broadway over 2 years and has undergone 740 shows.
Following this success, the new version has been expanded to two acts, and its production began in 1982. With Wheeler’s book, it has become more like an opera, not a musical. However, the new format stayed in the New York City Opera for 32 plays, becoming a staple in the repertoire since operettas are acted much rarer than musicals.
The following production were in 1988 in the Scottish Opera, then in 1999 in the Royal National Theatre (Britain), 1997 (Broadway), 2004 (New York Philharmonic), 2006 (Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris, France), 2007 (Théâtre du Châtelet), 2008 (Sweden), 2009 (Massachusetts), 2010 (Berlin), 2010 (Seattle), 2010 (Washington DC), 2015 (Florence).
Release date: 1956
Last Update:January, 13th 2016
Candide Opera Synopsis
Based on Voltaire’s 1759 novella of the same name, Candide takes the audience on a round-the-world romp of idealistic optimism as it clashes with a series of absurdly unfortunate events. Immediately after World War II, in 1946, he conducted in London and at the International Music Festival in Prague. In 1947 he conducted in Tel Aviv, beginning a relationship with Israel that lasted until his death. In 1953, Bernstein was the first American to conduct opera at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan: Cherubini's 'Medea' with Maria Callas. Up-to-date reviews and essays on exhibitions, theatre, opera and more. See all in the series. Film Arts Review. The world from a child’s-eye level. Candide is an operetta with music composed by Leonard Bernstein, based on the 1759 novella of the same name by Voltaire. The operetta was first performed in 1956 with a libretto by Lillian Hellman; but since 1974 it has been generally performed with a book by Hugh Wheeler which is more faithful to Voltaire's novel.